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In History: Nov. 3
These are the notable events of Nov. 3 in world, American, and Kansas history.
On Nov. 3…
361: Holy Roman Emperor Constantius II dies.
1394: French King Charles VI expels the Jewish peoples from France.
1493: Christopher Columbus spots the island of Dominica on his second voyage to the Americas.
1534: King Henry VIII passes the Act of Supremacy, making English monarchs the head of the Church of England and severing ties with the Catholic Church.
1762: Spain acquires Louisiana.
1783: George Washington disbands the Continental Army in favor of a federal army.
1793: Early French feminist, playwright, and journalist Olympe de Gouges is executed via guillotine during the Reign of Terror.
1796: John Addams is elected the second president of the U.S.
1812: Napoleon and his army are defeated at Vyazma by Russian forces while retreating from Moscow back to French lines.
1817: The first permanent bank is established in British North America.
1820: Ecuador declares its independence.
1868: John Willis Menard is elected as the first black congressman, though pushback from his opposition, Caleb S. Hunt, would prevent Menard from ever being seated; Ulysses S. Grant is elected president of the U.S.
1883: Wild West outlaw Black Bart the Poet performs his last stagecoach robbery.
1889: Menelik II is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia.
1896: William McKinley is elected president of the U.S.
1900: The first automobile show is hosted in New York City’s Madison Square Garden.
1905: Tsar Nicholas II signs a bill allowing amnesty for political prisoners.
1906: S.O.S. is voted to be the universal radio distress signal.
1908: William Howard Taft is elected president of the U.S.
1911: Chevrolet enters the automobile market.
1918: Austro-Hungarian empire dissolves; Poland declares independence from Russia.
1936: Franklin D. Roosevelt wins his second term for the U.S. presidency.
1941: Japanese Emperor Hirohito rejects the plan for an attack on Pearl Harbor.
1952: Clancey Birdseye begins marketing frozen peas, initiating the refrigeration food trade.
1956: The Wizard of Oz is televised for the first time.
1957: Soviet Union launches Laika, a Siberian Husky, into space as the first animal to make it outside of the Earth’s atmosphere. Laika’s body would not be found.
1962: San Francisco Warriors center Wilt Chamberlain scores 72 points in a single NBA game, which remains the sixth-highest game total for individual points.
1964: Citizens of Washington D.C. are allowed to vote for the first time; Lyndon B. Johnson is elected president.
1986: John Lennon’s album Menlove is released posthumously.
1992: Bill Clinton is elected president of the U.S.
1994: The first PlayStation game console is released by Sony.
1996: Kobe Bryant becomes the youngest NBA player to make his debut at 18 years and 2 months old.
2021: U.S. releases a COVID-19 vaccine for children ages 5-11.